Persons settled in the UK may have come here under various categories of the immigration rules(or even illegally) and subsequently obtained settled status or become British citizens. Prior to their arrival to the UK, they may have left children in their country of origin, with such children resident abroad but still under the age of 18years. Upon the parent acquiring settled status, the expected course of action is to submit an application for entry clearance to enable the child’s entry to the UK.
Women and children claiming asylum in the United Kingdom who fear return to their countries of origin on the basis that they will be subjected to Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) may be a member of a particular social group for the purposes of the 1951 Refugee Convention.
Read more on what the UK government’s stance on the practice and how it is dealt with where an asylum seeker raises the convention reason.